Give meaning of the term defect. State effects of it. Also give classification of it and methods to eliminate them.
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Ans: Defect - Failure in a general sense can be regarded as a defect 

 Effects of Defect -Defect results in the reduction of speed or load capacity of the locomotive or which detables the locomotive altogether for some length of time 

Classification of defects 1) defective design material or workmanship by the manufacturer 2) inadequate maintenance due to negligence on the part of maintenance staff 3) lacuna in maintenance schedules which may necessitate change in the periodicity of inspection 

Methods of Elimination Above defect (1) can be eliminated by appropriate action taken by manufacturer Defects(2) and (3) can be minimised by restoring to the ideal maintenance practice
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