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Describe with neat diagram air friction damping. 

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Air Friction Damping: Here air trapped in the chamber works as damping medium for the piston movement connected to the spindle. The piston moves in the air chamber. The clearance between piston and air chamber wall is very small. When the pointer system moves in either direction, the piston arm experiences an opposing force due to either compression action on one side and opposition to expansion on the other side. Thus the oscillations of the pointer system are damped by the opposition by the damping system. The damping torque is directly proportional to the speed at which the piston (pointer/spindle) moves. Hence greater the speed, higher will be the damping torque, bringing the pointer to the equilibrium position quickly. 


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