The term nuclear fuel:- Nuclear fuel is a substance that is used in nuclear power stations to produce heat to power turbines. Heat is created when nuclear fuel undergoes nuclear fission.
Nuclear fuel is in the from of rod kept in core. It produces heat energy during fission process. Following nuclear fuel are used in nuclear power palnt:-
1. Natural Uranium
2. Low –enriched Uranium
3. Highly –enriched Uranium
4. Fertile Material:- U 238 / Th232
Properties:- 1. Nuclear fuel has the highest energy density 2. Nuclear fuels contain heavy fissile elements 3. Nuclear fuels are complex, multi-component materials containing actinides