Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power plant :
Advantages : 1) Fuel requirement for generating a given amount of electrical energy is very small as compared to others. 2) It is efficient when operated at rated capacity. 3) They reduce the demand for coal, gas and oil. 4) Fuel requirement is only in kilograms. Hence, there is no problem for transportation, storage etc. 5) It requires less area as compared to any other plant of the same size. 6) The running costs are less. 7) For large capacity, nuclear power plants are more economical. 8) The cost per unit decreases when power generated is in large amount. 9) Output control is extremely flexible as these are not affected by adverse weather conditions. 10) There are large deposits of nuclear fuels available all over the world, therefore such plants can ensure continued supply of electrical energy for thousands of year. 11) It ensures reliability of operations. 12) Operation is clean, no ash fumes etc.
Disadvantages: 1) High initial capital cost as compared to other types of power plant. 2) These plants are not suitable for varying loads, as reactors cannot be easily control. 3) It is difficult to seal the plant from radioactive radiation. 4) The disposal of fission products is a big problem. 5) The maintenance cost is high. 6) The fuel required is not readily available. 7) The erection and commissioning work is complicated and requires expertise. 8) The danger of radiation is always there & high safety standards are to be practiced and maintained. 9) There is always a danger of accident or terrorism when transporting nuclear fuel or nuclear waste. 10) Enrichment technology is essential for fuel processing.