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Explain fault bus protection scheme.

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Fault bus protection of busbar: In this scheme, the substation is so designed that every fault on the bus bar is converted to earth fault. Under normal operating conditions, there is no current flowing through the fault bus to ground and the relay remains inoperative. When any fault occurs on busbar involving a connection between conductor and earthed support structure, it will cause a flow of current to earth through the fault bus. This results in operation of relay to actuate trip coil of CB to trip the circuit.

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