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Explain auxiliary commutation with a neat diagram. Also draw its waveform.

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Auxiliary Commutation At start, the Ta is triggered and turned on to carry the load current. Due to the resonant circuit R-L-C, the current initially rises, attains peak and then falls to zero. This turns off the auxiliary SCR Ta. This current charges the capacitor C with upper plate positive. The capacitor thus forward biases the main SCR T. When main SCR T is triggered, it is turned on and charged capacitor C is placed across Ta so as to apply reverse bias across it. The load current now flows through T. The capacitor continues to discharge through T, L and D. Since this LC is resonant combination, the capacitor discharges completely first and then charges with opposite polarity till the current falls to zero. The capacitor current cannot reverse because of diode D. Now the oppositely charged capacitor forward biases the auxiliary SCR Ta. Thus when Ta is triggered, T is turned off and the same cycle is repeated. In this configuration, the firing of auxiliary SCR commutates the main SCR, hence name is auxiliary commutation.

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